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Artigos Científicos

STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PRACTICES OF BRAZILIAN OLYMPIC SPRINT AND JUMP COACHES

By 31 de janeiro de 2022abril 26th, 2022No Comments
Fonte: Journal of Human Kinetics, in press, 2022.
Autores: Loturco, I., Haugen, T., Freitas, T. T., Bishop, C., Moura, T. B. M. A., Mercer, V. P., Alcaraz, P. E., Pereira, L. A., Weldon, A.

This study aimed to compare the post-activation performance enhancement induced by successive drop-jumps performed on hard and sand surfaces in sprint and jump performance of top-level sprinters. Athletes were tested on two occasions. On each visit they were allocated to one of the experimental protocols, which consisted of performing 2 x 5 drop-jumps from a box with the height of 60 cm on hard or sand surfaces in randomized order, seven days apart. Prior to and 7 and 15 min after executing drop-jumps, sprinters performed countermovement jumps and 60-m sprint tests. Differences between sprinting splits and surfaces were assessed using a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. No significant differences in jump height or sprint time were observed (p > 0.05), regardless of the surface used (i.e., hard or sand) during the conditioning activity (effect sizes [95% confidence intervals] ranging from 0.01 [-0.84; 0.84] to 0.44 [-0.42; 1.27]). Performing drop-jumps on sand or hard surfaces immediately before maximum sprinting bouts does not provide any advantage or disadvantage to top-level sprinters. Sprint coaches may prescribe short-plyometric training activities on sand surfaces even close to competitions, bearing in mind that this strategy will not compromise sprint-specific performance.

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