Artigos Científicos

PERFORMANCE AND REFERENCE DATA IN THE JUMP SQUAT AT DIFFERENT RELATIVE LOADS IN ELITE SPRINTERS, RUGBY, AND SOCCER PLAYERS

By 28 de julho de 2020agosto 21st, 2020No Comments
Fonte: Biology of Sport, in press, 2020.
Autores: Loturco, I., McGuigan, M. R., Freitas, T. T., Valenzuela, P. L., Pereira, L. A., Pareja-Blanco, F.

The aims of this study were to compare the outcomes and provide reference data for a set of barbell mechanical parameters collected via a linear velocity transducer in 126 male sprinters (n=62), rugby (n=32), and soccer players (n=32). Bar-velocity, bar-force, and bar-power outputs were assessed in the jump-squat exercise with jump-squat height determined from bar-peak velocity. The test started at a load of 40% of the athletes’ body mass (BM) and a load of 10% of BM was gradually added until a clear decrement in the bar-power was observed. Comparisons of bar-variables among the three sports were performed using a one-way analysis of variance. Relative measures of bar-velocity, -force, and -power, and jump-squat height were significantly higher in sprinters than in rugby (difference ranging between 5 and 35%) and soccer (difference ranging between 5 and 60%) players across all loads (40-110% of BM). Rugby players exhibited higher absolute bar-power (mean difference = 22%) and bar-force (mean difference = 16%) values than soccer players, but these differences no longer existed when the data were adjusted for BM (mean difference = 2.5%). Sprinters optimized their bar-power production at significantly greater relative loads (% BM) than rugby (mean difference = 22%) and soccer players (mean difference = 25%); nonetheless, all groups generated their maximum bar-power outputs at similar bar-velocities. For the first time, we provided reference values for the jump-squat exercise for three different bar-velocity measures (i.e., mean, mean propulsive-, and peak-velocity) for sprinters, rugby, and soccer players, over a wide range of relative loads. Practitioners can use these reference values to monitor their athletes and compare them with top-level sprinters and team-sport players.
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