Artigos Científicos

TRADITIONAL FREE-WEIGHT VERSUS VARIABLE RESISTANCE TRAINING APPLIED TO ELITE YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS DURING A SHORT PRESEASON: EFFECTS ON STRENGTH, SPEED, AND POWER PERFORMANCE

By 7 de outubro de 2020No Comments
Fonte: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, in press, 2020.
Autores: Loturco, I., Pereira, L. A., Reis, V. P., Zanetti, V., Bishop, C., McGuigan, M. R.

Maximizing the neuromuscular capacities of players is a critical challenge during short soccer preseasons. This study compared the effects of two strength-power training regimes, on the strength, speed, and power performance of elite young soccer players during a 4-week preseason. Twenty-five under-20 players from the same club were pair-matched in two training groups as follows: traditional training group (TTG) (n=13), athletes performed half-squat (HS) and jump-squat (JS) exercises as traditionally prescribed; and EB group (EBG) (n=12), athletes performed HS and JS with EB attached to the barbell. Vertical jump height, 20-m sprint velocity, change-of-direction (COD) speed, HS and JS power, and one-repetition maximum (1RM) in the HS were assessed pre, post 2-week, and post 4-week of training. An ANOVA two-way with repeated measures was used to assess the effects of both training protocols over the experimental period. Both strategies were effective for significantly improving HS and JS power (effect sizes [ES] 1.00 – 1.77), HS 1RM (ES = 1.68 and 1.51 for TTG and EBG, respectively), vertical jumping ability (ES 0.37 – 0.65), and COD speed (ES = 0.81 and 0.39 for TTG and EBG, respectively), when comparing pre- and post-measures. In contrast, both TTG and EBG failed to increase 20-m sprint velocity (ES ranging between -0.54 and 0.23). In conclusion, both training schemes were able to improve the strength and power performance, but not the sprint capacity of young soccer players. To accelerate strength gains over very-short time periods (i.e., 2-week), variable resistance training may be advantageous. Conversely, to optimize power adaptations in ballistic exercises across a similar time period, traditional FW training may be preferred.

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