Artigos Científicos

POWER TRAINING IN ELITE YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS: EFFECTS OF USING LOADS ABOVE OR BELOW THE OPTIMUM POWER ZONE.

By 30 de julho de 2019No Comments
Fonte: Journal of Sports Sciences, in press, 2019.
Autores: Loturco, I., Pereira, L. A., Reis, V. P., Bishop, C., Zanetti, V., Alcaraz, P. E., Freitas, T. T., McGuigan, M.

Abstract
This study aimed to examine the effects of two jump squat (JS) training programs involving different loading ranges in under-20 soccer players during a preseason period. Twenty-three elite young soccer players performed sprint speed (at 5-, 10-, and 20-m), change of direction (COD) speed, JS peak power (PP), and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests pre- and post- four weeks of training. Athletes were pair-matched in two groups according to their optimum power loads (OPL) as follows: lower than OPL (LOPL; athletes who trained at a load 20% lower than the OPL) and higher than OPL (HOPL; athletes who trained at a load 20% higher than the OPL). Magnitude-based inferences were used to compare pre- and post-training measures. Meaningful increases in the PP JS were observed for both groups. Likely and possible improvements were observed in the 5- and 10-m sprint velocity in the LOPL group. Meanwhile, possible and likely improvements were observed in the CMJ, 5- and 10-m sprint velocity, and COD speed in the HOPL group. Overall, both training schemes induced positive changes in athletic performance. Soccer coaches and sport scientists can implement the JS OPL based training schemes presented here, either separately or combined, to improve the physical performance of youth soccer players.

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