Aim: to determine the effects of 28 days of inactivity on neuromuscular performance of elite women pole-vaulters. Methods: Four athletes undertook measurements of rate of force development (RFD), unloaded and loaded vertical jump tests, drop jumps and a 45 m sprint test before and after a transition period of planned inactivity. Results: The RFD and the ability to accelerate over very short distances (5 m) while sprinting improved after training cessation. Acceleration over longer distances (5-45 m) was impaired, while unloaded and loaded vertical jump tests suffered trivial to small changes. Conclusions: Therefore, we conclude that detraining periods of approximately one month or even longer may be implemented in elite pole-vaulters without significantly impairing performance. In addition, given that some neuromechanical capacities are enhanced after training reduction, our results can help coaches to implement tapering strategies in order to induce neuromuscular improvements and/or to achieve peak performance.
Fonte: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, in press